The Virginia prosecutor has the burden to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant unreasonably refused to submit to a breath or blood alcohol test; the defendant does not need to prove s/he reasonably refused (although having a good reason to refuse can help...
Clearly, VASAP should be abolished, and should be replaced by private drug and alcohol programs. Until such abolition, VASAP should be reformed to more routinely give credit for participation in private state-licensed alcohol and drug education programs.
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Jon Katz Practices in the Following Courts and Beyond