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Marijuana tax act conviction of LSD guru Timothy Leary reversed by SCOTUS

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Marijuana tax act conviction of LSD guru Timothy Leary was reversed by SCOTUS

Marijuana tax act conviction of LSD guru Timothy Leary was reversed by SCOTUS

Fairfax criminal lawyer on marijuana tax act victory for Timothy Leary

Marijuana tax act (Act) prosecutions were popular right through the 1960’s, until the United States Supreme Court in 1969 reversed LSD guru Timothy Leary’s conviction for not complying with the Act, in that complying with the Act would have violated Leary’s right against self-incrimination under the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Leary v. U.S., 395 U.S 6 (1969). As a Fairfax criminal lawyer, I am always on the lookout for defenses against self incrimination.

Fairfax criminal lawyer on why Timothy Leary’s conviction was reversed

Leary’s ordeal started through an alleged consent search of his vehicle after Leary was for some reason denied access to drive into Mexico from the United States. The search found marijuana. Leary was federally prosecuted in Texas for allegedly smuggling marijuana into the United States, transporting and concealing the purportedly smuggled marijuana, and for not paying, and not having paid the transfer tax imposed by the Marihuana Tax Act.

In May 1969, the Supreme Court unanimously reversed Leary’s marijuana tax act conviction, based on his right against self-incrimination, and his remaining counts based on the jury instruction based on the relevant federal statute mandating that “Whenever on trial for a violation of this subsection, the defendant is shown to have or to have had the marihuana in his possession, such possession shall be deemed sufficient evidence to authorize conviction [for smuggling marijuana into the United States” unless the defendant explains his possession to the satisfaction of the jury.” Here, Leary testified at trial that he did not know the origin of the seized marijuana.  Leary concludes that “in order to sustain the inference of knowledge we must find on the basis of the available materials that a majority of marihuana possessors either are cognizant of the apparently high rate of importation or otherwise have become aware that their marihuana was grown abroad.” Of course, a substantial percentage of today’s marijuana in the United States is homegrown, now that marijuana growers have learned how to produce high-quality marijuana domestically.

Fairfax criminal lawyer Jonathan L. Katz has successfully defended hundreds of people charged with drug crimes, and thousands of people charged with a variety of felony and misdemeanor offenses. Jon will be delighted to discuss your case with you, through a confidential consultation scheduled through his staff at 703-383-1100.

1 Comment

  1. John Iorio on April 14, 2018 at 11:42 pm

    Right, it sounds like the Tax act leaves no room for the fifth. It says basically, that you’re convicted if;: 1) its proven you’re clearly in possession or …….. 2) You deliver and academy- award speech to the jury….It makes no provision for being silent and takin the fifth……Or else tries to co-erce the jury in 2 directions, thereby becoming even more confusing to everyone in the courtrooom, most importantly the jury….very interesting trial. The supreme court had the insight to see the lunacy of the tax act. One of the first decisions to treat pot convictions with a degree of fairness.