Dec 01, 2019 Martial arts prosecution- Fairfax criminal lawyer on the risks
Martial arts practice can be prosecuted if intended to be used for civil disturbance, says Fairfax criminal lawyer
Martial arts practice that can cause injury or death can be prosecuted in Virginia as a felony, if intended for a civil disturbance. Va. Code § 18.2-433.2 (“Martial Arts Law” or “MAL”), As a Fairfax criminal lawyer, I read with interest a recent article overstating the reach of the MAL, but at least alerts such practitioners to the MAL, in addressing a proposed MAL amendment that addresses designated weapons but not such arts.
Fairfax criminal lawyer says MAL violators face felony prosecution for paramilitary activity
The Martial Arts Law provides: “A person shall be guilty of unlawful paramilitary activity, punishable as a Class 5 felony if he: 1. Teaches or demonstrates to any other person… [a] technique capable of causing injury or death to persons, knowing or having reason to know or intending that such training will be employed for use in, or in furtherance of, a civil disorder; or 2. Assembles with one or more persons for the purpose of training with, practicing with, or being instructed in the use of any… technique capable of causing injury or death to persons, intending to employ such training for use in, or in furtherance of, a civil disorder.” Va. Code § 18.2-433.2.
What does the foregoing “civil disorder” phrase mean in the Martial Arts Law? A “civil disorder” “means any public disturbance within the United States or any territorial possessions thereof involving acts of violence by assemblages of three or more persons, which causes an immediate danger of or results in damage or injury to the property or person of any other individual.” Va. Code § 18.2-433.1
The meaning of the Commonwealth’s MAL
The MAL also covers the above-referenced activities when used with a “firearm, explosive or incendiary device.” In referencing “technique[s] capable of causing injury or death”, reasonably read the MAL includes martial arts, including karate, taekwondo, judo, jiu jitsu, and taijiquan / t’ai chi ch’uan. As a longtime taijiquan marital arts practitioner, the MAL interests me all the more both as a Fairfax criminal lawyer and as a practitioner of this defensive art.
The risk of dragnetting innocent martial arts teachers and practitioners as paramilitary suspects
When police arrest a person for using weapons or martial arts in alleged paramilitary activity, they are likely going to ask the defendant for names of people who taught them such weapons or arts use, and whom they practiced with. Unfortunately, with the broad language of the MAL , police may well next proceed to bring criminal charges against those people even without specific information to show that said teacher or fellow practitioner had any idea to know that the defendant would engage in paramilitary activity.
Consequently, teachers and practitioners of martial arts and applicable weaponry will be wise to be careful about whom they teach and with whom they practice.
Fairfax criminal lawyer Jonathan L. Katz fights for your best possible outcome against prosecutions alleging felonies, misdemeanors and DUI. Jon Katz is available for a free in-person consultation concerning your court-pending criminal case, by scheduling a confidential consultation at 703-383-1100.