Private prisons are subject to Miranda says Fairfax drug lawyer
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Private prisons are subject to Miranda, says Fairfax drug lawyer
Private prisons and private jails abound in the United States, and are popular with many investors. As a Fairfax criminal lawyer, my concerns about private prisons include the risk that the prisons will put investors’ profit interests above treating inmates right, and about possible limited Constitutional protections as to the private actors running and working at the private prisons.
Fairfax criminal lawyer on the limits of the Bill of Rights with non-government actors
The Bill of Rights — including the Fifth Amendment (right to remain silent) and Sixth Amendment (right to have a lawyer present during police questioning) — does not apply to private actors where they do not act as agents of law enforcement. A classic example of this is the standard practice of retailers to detain, search and question alleged shoplifters, and only after questioning to hand the suspect over to the police, thus ordinarily precluding the suspect’s protections against unreasonable searches and seizures (under the Fourth Amendment) and against giving involuntary confessions and against giving un-Miranized statements while detained. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966)
Virginia Court of Appeals makes clear that private prisons are subject to Miranda
Praised be the Virginia Court of Appeals for recently confirming that private prisons are in fact subject to Miranda. Briggs v. Virginia, Record No. 1340-18-2 (Va. App. Jan. 22, 2019 (unpublished). Employees of inmate Brandon Briggs’s private prison searched his cell and found “seventy-two strips of Suboxone,” a controlled drug hidden inside his mattress. Prison employees visited Briggs in his cell, with one employee positioned in a way that would have made Briggs unable to leave. Un-Mirandized, a prison employee obtained Briggs’s confession that the seized drugs were his.
Virginia’s intermediate appellate court affirms suppression of Briggs’s confession of drug possession
Briggs upholds the trial court’s suppression of Briggs’s confession, based on the evidence that his private prison investigator was acting as an agent of law enforcement at the time.
Fairfax drug lawyer Jonathan L. Katz pursues your best results against felony, misdemeanor, drug, marijuana, and DUI/DWI charges. Jon Katz will be delighted to discuss your case with you, by a confidential consultation scheduled through his staff.