Methamphetamine dealing conviction addressed by Fairfax criminal lawyer
Methamphetamine dealing conviction affirmed by Virginia Court of Appeals because defendant wagged her tongue, says Fairfax criminal lawyer
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant drug. As a Fairfax criminal lawyer, I know that a Virginia conviction for meth possession carries up to ten years in prison, as opposed to a conviction for meth (or any other Schedule I or II drug) possession with intent to distribute or distribution, which carries five years to forty years in prison (all of which can be suspended or not). Va. Code § 18.2-248. Virginia’s advisory / voluntary sentencing guidelines provide for only probation for a first-time conviction for possessing meth or any other illegal drug with no prior convictions, whereas a meth or Schedule I/II drug dealing conviction carries many months incarceration on the guidelines low end for a defendant with no prior convictions.
Amber Bower did not follow my years-long warnings about the danger of suspects talking with police without their lawyer present
Amber Bower is one of my latest examples of a criminal defendant who got a worst result in court by not simply remaining silent. Police stopped Bower as she drove her car, on an open arrest warrant / capias. The stopping law enforcement officer saw in the driver’s side door pocket a spoon appearing to have possibly been burnt. Determining that this was the probable cause basis to search the car for drugs and drug parapernalia, police found one bag containing “’empty plastic baggies, needles, a spoon with residue and another bag that had a crystal substance in it,'” which substance tested as methamphetamine. Bowers v. Virginia, Record No. 0707-19-3 (Va. App., June 9, 2020) (unpublished).
As an aside, Bower’s methamphetamine appeal does not mention a challenge to the legality of the search. Clearly, a search based only on police sighting a “’spoon [that] appeared that it might be burnt,'” is grounds to pounce on the car search, challenging that this is not sufficient information to have probable cause to search the car for illegal drugs and drug paraphernalia.
Bower’s methamphetamine admissions sunk her ship
After being Mirandized, Bower told the cops that her practice for around the prior year was to buy an ounce of methamphtamine two to three times weekly for $1300, using some for herself and selling the rest for $1500, giving her a $200 profit margin. That admission confirmed that Bower had committed meth drug dealing many times in the past, but that admission was insufficient to obtain a conviction for prior criminal activity, because at the very least that left unsaid what state and county the crimes were committed in, let alone that at least slight corroboration is needed before an admission can obtain a conviction (although the cop’s discovery of meth and cash respectively in Bower’s car and home could have been such corroboration.) However, that admission was certainly not favorable to Bower at sentencing.
Was Bower’s remaining meth for her use or for sale?
After Bower also admitted that at home she had what she thought was fake drugs, police obtained and executed a search warrant on her home, finding cash among other things. Not helping Bower about whether the cash was from anything other than drug dealing is her admission that she was unemployed. Not helping her either on that drug dealing count was that the arresting officer testified without objection (an objection was merited about the cop’s qualifications, experience and foundation to so testify) that “[u]sually empty plastic bags are common to resell
or repackage.'” Oh yeah? Those bags also are commonly used to store food and to repackage one’s methamphetamine or other illegal drugs into dosages. (Here, 0.6 grams was seized, and 0.1 grams is a common meth dosage.)
Furthermore, police having found only a meth amount consistent with personal use (six doses), there was certainly reasonable doubt whether the methamphetamine quantity seized from Bower’s car was for anything but personal use. However, on appeal, the question is not whether the evidence proves guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, but instead whether the evidence — if believed — is sufficient to convince a reasonable factfinder of the criminal defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
Lessons learned from Bower’s conviction that got affirmed by the Virginia Court of Appeals
Lessons learned from Bower’s plight include:
- Beware giving up your right to remain silent with police.
- Criminal defense lawyers need to challenge whether police searches conform with the Fourth Amendment and probable cause.
- Had Bower’s kept silent, not only would she have better protected herself against a methamphetamine-dealing conviction, but also against a drug possession conviction at all, because the seized meth and other material beyond the spoon was found hidden behind the console, thus allowing an argument that anyone could have left the material there without Bower’s knowledge, had she simply kept her mouth shut with police.
Fairfax criminal lawyer Jonathan L. Katz pursues your best defense against felony, misdemeanor, DUI, sex and drug prosecutions in Northern Virginia and beyond. Call 703-383-1100 for a free in-person consultation with Jon Katz about your court-pending criminal or DWI case.